Types of CVs (Curriculum Vitae): Intensive Exploration

The Curriculum Vitae, commonly known as CV, is a pivotal tool in the realm of professional communication. It serves as a portrait of your qualifications, experiences, and capabilities, facilitating your journey toward securing desired career opportunities.

As the professional landscape continues to evolve, the concept of CVs has diversified into distinct types, each tailored to cater to varying career trajectories and individual preferences.

In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of the three primary types of CVs – Chronological, Functional, and Combination – and explore the dimensions of CV formats.

There are three primary types of CVs namely:

I. Chronological CV

The Chronological CV stands as the most widely recognized and straightforward format. It orchestrates your work experiences and educational history in a reverse chronological sequence, effectively placing your most recent role at the forefront. This approach holds particular merit for individuals who possess a clear and linear career trajectory they aspire to accentuate.

By chronologically illustrating their professional evolution, candidates can portray their journey of growth, development, and expertise over the course of time. This format not only imparts clarity but also lends itself to effortless readability, a pivotal trait in today’s fast-paced recruitment processes.

II. Functional CV

The Functional CV deviates from the traditional linear chronology, spotlighting skills and competencies as the focal points. This format serves as a beneficial alternative for those navigating unique career paths, addressing employment gaps, or transitioning between industries.

By shifting the spotlight onto skills and attributes, candidates can adeptly redirect a recruiter’s attention away from potential shortcomings in their employment history. This approach empowers candidates to emphasize their proficiency in pertinent areas, positioning themselves as valuable assets irrespective of conventional career progressions.

III. Combination CV

A synthesis of the Chronological and Functional formats, the Combination CV marries the presentation of work experiences and educational history with a dedicated section for skills. This versatile type of CV caters to candidates who seek to encapsulate both their career journey and their specialized proficiencies.

By juxtaposing their professional evolution with their competencies, candidates offer a comprehensive overview of their qualifications and how these align with the requisites of the prospective role. This format resonates particularly well with roles that demand a multifaceted skill set and a substantiated history of achievement.

Types of CV Formats

CV formats are divided into two main categories: Plain text and Template

a) Plain Text CV: The Elegance of Simplicity

The Plain Text CV stands as the epitome of simplicity. Comprising solely of text, it embraces minimalism while prioritizing clarity and ease of reading. However, it is prudent to acknowledge that this format might pose challenges in terms of intricate formatting and design.

The Plain Text CV finds its niche in situations where the essence of the content takes precedence over visual aesthetics, resonating with roles that value substance over form.

b) Template CV: The Balance of Structure and Customization

Conversely, the Template CV arrives pre-formatted, ready for candidates to seamlessly insert their information into designated sections. This format marries structure with customization, offering a balance between ease of creation and personalized touch.

Nonetheless, it is vital to recognize that while the Template CV expedites the process, it might lack the distinctive flair and individuality that a Plain Text CV inherently carries.

Choosing the Right CV Type

Choosing the apt CV type is akin to selecting the perfect outfit for a specific occasion. It hinges on the confluence of your unique circumstances and the nuances of the role you aspire to secure. If the emphasis lies on delineating an unbroken trajectory of growth, the Chronological CV stands as a stalwart choice.

Conversely, when navigating gaps in employment or transitioning across domains, the Functional CV emerges as the discerning option. And for those seeking to intertwine their journey with their expertise, the Combination CV manifests as an eloquent harmony of both.


In the ever-evolving tapestry of career advancement, the CV serves as a pivotal thread that weaves the narrative of opportunity. Your choice of CV type, writing style, and format resonates with potential employers, influencing their perception of your qualifications and fit within their organization.

By astutely aligning these elements, you embark on a journey of crafting a CV that transcends the realm of mere documentation. It transforms into a distinctive portrait, setting you apart amidst a competitive landscape and elevating your prospects of attaining the coveted positions that beckon in today’s dynamic professional world.

Read: How to Write a CV for a Job with No Experience: Step By Step Guide